A clinical condition in which both the eyes do not align properly is called squint, or strabismus One of the eyes turns inwards, upwards, downwards, or outwards, while the other one focuses at one spot. When the muscles that control the movement of the eye and the eyelid do not work together, such a phenomenon happens. Thus, both the eyes do not look at the same spot at the same time. It can also happen because a disorder in the brain means that the eyes cannot correctly coordinate. Strabismus also makes binocular vision difficult hence making it very difficult for a person to appreciate depth perception.
Types Of Strabismus
There are different types of strabismus. They can be described by the cause or by the way the eye turns. The following terms describe strabismus by the positions of the eye:
An early diagnosis of strabismus will enable more effective treatment. While treatment up to the age of 6 years is believed to be most effective, strabismus can be treated at any time.
Signs And Symptoms In Children
Squint in the eye is quite obvious from an early age in life. One can observe that one of the eyes does not look straight ahead. However, minor squint may be less noticeable. If a child has one eye closed or turns their head when looking at you, this could be a sign of double vision and a possible squint. It is a good idea to visit a Paediatric Ophthalmologist. Strabismus is normally either present at birth or it develops in the first 6 months after birth.
Squint, when left untreated, can lead to amblyopia, or “lazy eye,” which is a condition in which the brain starts ignoring input from one of the eyes to avoid double vision. If there is poor vision in the affected eye, a child may benefit from wearing a patch over the other eye to encourage the vision to develop. In some adults, squint treated successfully in childhood returns later in adulthood. This may lead to double vision in the adult because, by that time, the brain has been trained to gather data from both eyes, so it cannot ignore one of them.
After Squint Surgery
Strabismus can be:
Congenital, meaning a person is born with it
hereditary, or running in families, suggesting a genetic link
the result of an illness or long-sightedness
due to a lesion on a cranial nerve
Other causes can be:
Refractive errors making the affected eye turn inwards, in an attempt to get better focus. Such squints emerge in early childhood
Some viral infections, such as measles
Other genetic conditions.
Diagnosis And Treatment
It is advisable that children should have routine eye checks as they develop. If there are any early signs of strabismus, the peadiatrician or physician should refer the child to a Paediatric Ophthalmologist. The ophthalmologist will probably use eye drops to dilate the pupils before doing the Hirschberg test, or Hirschberg corneal reflex test, which is used to assess whether the patient has strabismus. The ophthalmologist shines a light in the eye and observes where the light reflects from the corneas.
If the eyes are well-aligned, the light will go to the center of both corneas. If it does not, the test can show whether the patient has exotropia, hypertropia, esotropia or hypotropia. Some people may have more than one tropia at the same time.
Prompt treatment reduces the risk of complications, such as amblyopia, or lazy eye. The younger the patient is, the more effective treatment is likely to be. Eye drops are one solution for certain types of squint.
Glasses: If the squint is due to any refractive error, wearing glasses can usually correct the squint
Eye patch: When an eye patch is worn over the good eye, this patch can make the affected eye to work better.
Botulinum toxin injection, or botox: If there is no underlying cause and the signs of squint appear suddenly, the doctor may recommend using Botox on the muscle over the eye. Botox will temporarily weaken the injected muscle, and this can help the eyes to align properly.
Eye drops and eye exercises may help.
If no other treatments are effective, then Surgery is used. Surgery can realign the eyes and restore proper binocular vision. During the surgery, the operating surgeon will move the muscle that connects to the eye to a new position. Sometimes both eyes need to be operated on to get the right balance.
Follow these steps:
Hold a pencil at arm’s length, around midway between the eyes
Look at the pencil while moving it toward the nose, and try to maintain a single image of it
Keep moving the pencil toward the nose until you can no longer see it as a single image
Hold the pencil at the closest point where a single image is possible
If you cannot regain a single image, start again
Ensure a clearer and healthier vision for your child and prevent it from fading out at Arohi Eye Hospital by the most renowned Squint Specialist in Mumbai.
For an expert opinion on Child Eye check-up and Squint treatment in Mumbai, Call: +919820111315
Squint & Paediatric