Glaucoma refers to a medical condition that affects the optic nerve, which plays a crucial role in transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain. The optic nerve comprises multiple nerve fibers that function similarly to the wires in an electrical cable. When an individual develops glaucoma, the nerve fibers in the optic nerve get damaged, which leads to vision loss.
Glaucoma, a common eye disease, is primarily caused by the blockage of the drainage angle through which aqueous humor circulates inside the front part of the eye.
Aqueous humor is responsible for maintaining healthy pressure inside the eye. It is produced in small amounts, while an equal amount is drained out through a microscopic drainage system. This drainage system is separate from the tears present on the outer surface of the eye.
In case the drainage angle is blocked, the excess fluid fails to drain out, leading to increased fluid pressure inside the eye. As a result, the optic nerve is subjected to pressure, causing damage to it. The eye is a closed structure. If the drainage area is blocked, which can lead to severe conditions that demand immediate attention from the best glaucoma specialist in Mumbai.
Glaucoma, in its early stages, may not have any noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease advances, the following symptoms may arise -
If you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms, it is imperative that you contact the best glaucoma specialist in Mumbai without delay. Delay in treatment of this form of glaucoma can lead to permanent blindness.
Note that 2⁄3 of individuals with closed-angle glaucoma may develop it gradually and without any symptoms before an attack occurs. Therefore, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention if you have any of the aforementioned symptoms.
Outlined below are certain risk factors that you need to know -
To detect glaucoma, it is highly recommended that individuals undergo regular eye examinations by a glaucoma surgeon. Relying solely on a glaucoma screening that measures the pressure of the eye is not adequate for detecting this condition. The most reliable approach to identifying glaucoma is through a comprehensive eye examination.
During a glaucoma evaluation, an glaucoma eye specialist will typically perform the following diagnostic tests:
The tests that are conducted during a glaucoma evaluation are designed to assess the overall health of the eyes and detect any signs of damage or changes that may be indicative of glaucoma. Depending on the patient's individual case, some of these tests may need to be repeated on a regular basis to monitor any changes in their condition.
Glaucoma Treatment involves a multifaceted approach to prevent further damage to the eye, as the damage caused by this condition is irreversible. To reduce intraocular pressure and prevent further damage,
It is crucial to undergo periodic examinations to detect any progression of the disease and to make necessary adjustments to the treatment plan. This is particularly important as glaucoma can advance without presenting any symptoms. Therefore, routine check-ups can help prevent irreversible vision loss.
Although, Glaucoma can be managed with certain medications like the regular use of prescribed eye drops. These medications work by reducing intraocular pressure, which can be achieved by decreasing the production of aqueous fluid within the eye or by improving its outflow through the drainage angle.
It is important to alert your glaucoma surgeon in case of any change of medications from your end. Abruptly discontinuing or altering your medication can have negative consequences for your vision and overall health.
While glaucoma medications can effectively protect your vision, they may also cause undesirable side effects.
Here are some side effects that can be caused due to eye drops -
It is important to note that all medications, including eye drops, can have side effects or interact with other medications, underscoring the importance of creating a comprehensive list of all medications taken regularly and sharing this information with each doctor visit.
By doing so, individuals can help to ensure optimal care and minimize the potential for adverse reactions or interactions.
Laser surgery can treat different types of glaucoma. For open-angle glaucoma, the laser modifies the drain to control eye pressure. For closed-angle glaucoma, the laser creates a hole in the iris to improve fluid flow. If surgery is necessary, trabeculectomy creates a new drainage channel for the aqueous fluid to prevent optic nerve damage.
Call now to schedule an appointment with the top Glaucoma Specialist in Mumbai at Arohi Eye Hospital and take the first step towards better vision. Call +91-9820111315 today to get started.
Glaucoma treatment has several benefits, including preventing vision loss and eliminating the need for medication or eye drops. Glaucoma surgery is highly successful and can offer long-term benefits. However, there are also risks associated with glaucoma surgery, including cataracts, infection, vision loss, low pressure, eye pain, scar tissue, swelling, and bleeding.
Yes, glaucoma is harmful to vision as it can cause permanent vision loss if left untreated. The disease damages the optic nerve located at the back of the eye, which can lead to irreversible vision loss.
Most people with glaucoma do not go blind, as modern treatment options can help control the disease and prevent further damage to the eyes. While glaucoma is a serious lifelong eye disease that can lead to vision loss if left untreated, there are many choices available to help manage the condition and protect your vision.
There is no cure (yet) for Glaucoma, but if the condition is caught during the initial stages, then you have a chance to preserve and prevent your vision. Consult a glaucoma eye specialist for a comprehensive eye exam to learn more about your condition.
Yes, glaucoma can affect children, although it is rare. While glaucoma is more commonly diagnosed in adults, more than 60 percent of children with glaucoma are diagnosed before the age of 6 months. Glaucoma can affect one or both eyes in children, and early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent vision loss.
Open-angle glaucoma is hereditary, and individuals with a family history of the disease are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma. Those with a family history of glaucoma are four to nine times more likely to develop the condition. It is crucial to inform your ophthalmologist if you have a family history of glaucoma, as they can monitor your eyes for early signs of the disease and take appropriate measures to slow it down.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle by controlling weight, blood pressure, staying physically active, and avoiding smoking can help prevent glaucoma, along with other chronic conditions. Regular eye exams and early detection can help slow down or prevent vision loss.
If you are considering glaucoma surgery but don't know how to find the best glaucoma specialist, a simple search for "glaucoma doctors near me" or "best glaucoma specialist near me" can provide you with a list of top specialists. This can make your search for the right doctor easier and more efficient.
It is possible to develop glaucoma as a result of diabetes. Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the eyes and affect the drainage of fluid from the eye, which can increase the risk of developing open-angle glaucoma.
The frequency of using glaucoma eye drops can vary depending on the specific medication and the severity of your glaucoma. However, in general, it is important to use the eye drops as directed by your doctor, which is usually once or twice a day. Some medications may need to be used up to four times a day.
If you miss a dose of your glaucoma eye drops, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if the next dose is due soon, wait for the usual time to use it.