All You Need to Know About Corneal Disease

May 26, 2022
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Corneal Disease is an umbrella term that covers a range of conditions affecting the cornea, which is located in the front part of your eye. Usually, the cornea repairs itself after a disease or injury. However, with severe conditions like deterioration, degenerative diseases, or infections, you’d need treatment.

Fortunately, you can easily find an ophthalmologist in Mumbai that can set your cornea straight. Read on to learn more about the cornea and various medical conditions associated with it.

What is the Cornea?

Alongside the sclera (the white part of the eye), the cornea acts as a barrier against germs, dust, and other foreign particles that can damage the more delicate parts of your eye. Along with serving as a shield, it also filters out some parts of the sun’s harmful UV rays.

On top of that, it plays an important role in your vision as well. When the light enters your eye, it’s refracted or bent by your cornea. This bending of light decides how well your eye focuses. If the cornea is damaged, or if you have corneal disease, it can lead to distorted vision.

What Are the Symptoms of a Corneal Disease?

As mentioned, the cornea usually heals itself after minor diseases and injuries. But whenever a deep wound or infection occurs, the healing may get prolonged. In the worst cases, you might require dedicated treatment. The symptoms include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Tearing
  • Corneal scarring
  • Extreme sensitivity to light

If you’re facing any of these symptoms, it’s best to visit a cornea specialist in Mumbai for diagnosis. By doing so, you get to know the severity of the condition you’re facing and can take the necessary steps to counter it before it gets worse.

Types of Corneal Disease

There are many types of diseases associated with Cornea. Luckily, most of them are treatable. Here are some of them:

  • Keratoconus: This condition refers to the gradual thinning and distortion of the cornea, reducing the eye’s ability to see clearly.
  • Keratitis: This condition causes inflammation in the outer part of the cornea.
  • Ocular herpes: This condition is related to the viral infection HSV-I, known for causing cold sores.
  • Corneal Ulcer: This condition causes the formation of an open sore on the cornea, causing obstruction or clouding of vision.
  • Fuch’s Corneal Dystrophy: This corneal disease is a chronic eye disorder that leads to swelling in the cornea’s innermost layer, which, in turn, leads to corneal deterioration.

Is a Corneal Disease Hereditary?

Yes, many corneal diseases, including Keratoconus and Fuchs, are hereditary. But that does not mean you’re guaranteed to contract the condition if it runs in your family. However, you may be predisposed to them.

If it does run in your family, make sure you visit an eye doctor for a full eye check-up. Doing so will mean that any problems your cornea has will be detected and cured early.

Even if you aren’t at risk of corneal infection, it’s best to schedule regular eye check-ups to keep any corneal-related conditions at bay. For complete, end-to-end eye check-ups, visit Arohi Eye Hospital – the best eye surgeon in Mumbai.

Parting Thoughts

Experiencing symptoms of any cornea-related disease can be a bit scary. If you are exhibiting any symptoms, it’s best to visit an eye doctor as soon as you can.

And even though most corneal diseases result from hereditary factors, it’s best to take care of your eye so that you don’t damage your cornea through other external factors.

And for any eye-related treatment, including corneal diseases, go with Arohi Eye Hospital. Get in touch with us today to book an appointment with us!

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